It has the same tone of repetition, and provides little new information. At the time, Alexander felt that the claim was overblown and would hinder rather than help the fight for racial justice. If current incarceration rates continue, one in three African-American men will be incarcerated during his lifetime. Essay, The Importance Of Youth Diversion & Current Conditions Of Diversion Programs In Victoria Essay. List five examples of federal action taken under President Reagan once the crack epidemic became a public concern. Alexander, a professor of law at Ohio State University and joint-appointee at the Kirwan Institute of Race and Ethnicity, covers extensively the ways in which society has evolved from slavery, to Jim Crow, to a present-day social control mechanism: mass incarceration. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of The New Jim Crow by Michelle Alexander. GradeSaver, 11 September 2016 Web. According to the text, the criminal justice system labels people of color as "criminals". A Landmark Case Of Dollree Mapp In The American Justice System Essay, Problems And Reforms Needed In The US Criminal Justice System Essay, Criminal Justice Policies That Have Not Been Found To Be Effective At Reducing Crime Essay, Was the Reign of Terror justified or not? Alexander’s heavy use of evidence makes her claims nearly indisputable. Alexander lays out the structure of the book. Essays for The New Jim Crow. Essays for The New Jim Crow. The fifth chapter, “The New Jim Crow,” is very similar in nature to the fourth. In order to fully explain how mass incarceration works and why it is so unjust, Alexander covers an enormous amount of ground from the very beginning of the US to the present. Alexander take readers through her discovery of the New Jim Crow with this sign being one of the main ways that she starts to think about the realities of mass incarceration. Attention! 18) And "a transfer of power from oligarchs to the people." The major conflict lies in whether the American people and politicians will frankly consider what the system of mass incarceration is doing to communities of color and move to correct the abuses of the New Jim Crow. Part of this deception is achieved by the fact that incarcerated people are literally locked away and hidden from public view. Alexander’s work is incredibly hard-hitting from the very beginning, launching into difficult discussions such as slavery, discrimination, and blatant racism. As she works through the death of Jim Crow and the beginning of mass incarceration, she cites the Reagan rhetoric of “law and order”, a recurring theme throughout her work. Struggling with distance learning? Available from: https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/structure-and-rhetorical-strategy-in-the-new-jim-crow-2/, Recieve 100% plagiarism-Free paper just for 4.99$ on email, *Public papers are open and may contain not unique content. Those who do not have first-hand experience of the criminal justice system often believe that increases in crime result from a lack of opportunities and resources, but would be unlikely to believe that the. Her fears and hopes for the Obama presidency are also outlined in this chapter, claiming that a colorblind society might not be the best option (240) and that Obama does not necessarily understand the perils of the criminal justice systems for African American males, though he found himself in a few tough situations (251). Thusly, her work appears to be repetitive. While it is difficult to prove that the actions of the American government are racially motivated, the evidence Alexander presents is certainly suspicious. While the racial caste system works on the assumption that “exceptional” black people like Obama can and should be able to gain power, this will not lead to progress unless these successful black people then advocate on behalf of those whose rights have been taken. Instant downloads of all 1350 LitChart PDFs (including The New Jim Crow). Unlike they were—“innocent” but still deprived of rights and resources—Jarvius is a criminal and thus theoretically deserves to be denied these rights. Alexander is hardly a conspiracy theorist, but she does show that much of what we might at first consider conspiracy has roots in both historical and present realities. However, despite the enormous impact of mass incarceration on black communities, over the last 20 years civil rights advocates have largely neglected to confront the topic of prisons, instead focusing on other issues. Analysis. While serving as the Director of the ACLU’s Racial Justice Project, Alexander encountered a flyer that read “The Drug War is the New Jim Crow” made by a small radical organization. Copyright © 1999 - 2020 GradeSaver LLC.
Alexander claims that now that she has seen the truth of the new racial caste system, it is impossible for her to “unsee” it.
Teach your students to analyze literature like LitCharts does. This essay has been submitted by a student. We can custom edit this essay into an original, 100% plagiarism free essay. If Alexander had created this tone of urgency earlier on in the work, the book would have had a stronger sense of momentum and impact from the beginning. Conventional understandings of the criminal justice system would emphasize the way in which Jarvius Cotton is different from the generations of his family that came before him. Although she does not say so explicitly, in this passage Alexander creates the impression that those committed to racial justice who are fortunate enough to have the freedom, education, and resources to fight to end mass incarceration have an urgent responsibility to do so. - "The New Jim Crow was born" (58). Jarvis Cotton’s great-grandfather, grandfather, and father were not allowed to vote because of Klan violence and poll taxes. Alexander lays out how Jim Crow laws foreshadowed those of the New Jim Crow, and how slavery foreshadowed Jim Crow. we can write an original essay just for you. You can get 100% plagiarism FREE essay in 30sec, Sorry, we cannot unicalize this essay. At the same time, she remembers how difficult it was for her to understand it in the first place, and thus admits that she expects people to react to. You can order Unique paper and our professionals Rewrite it for you. Alexander points out that “criminal justice reform efforts—standing alone—are futile” (230).
- "[Justice Douglas's] voice was a lonely one" (63). Want us to write one just for you? Alexander tells the story of her own developing understanding of mass incarceration in order to emphasize that it is not surprising if people do not initially understand or agree with her argument. The New Jim Crow had arrived. Her background in law and as the director of the ACLU’s Racial Justice Project in California gave her ample experience in the field, only furthering her argument. She even acknowledges that the conspiracy theory that the government introduced crack into black neighborhoods to facilitate a genocide was not utterly unbelievable. - "[The criminal justice system] was not just another institution infected with racial bias but rather a different beast entirely" (4). She also mentions Law and Order (59), a TV show many people think shows the reality of the criminal justice system but absolutely does not. Alexander alludes to many black intellectuals and Civil Rights figures and their ideas: Martin Luther King Jr., Malcolm X, James Baldwin, W.E.B. In Chapter 1, she explains “the history of racialized social control in the United States.” In Chapter 2, she focuses on how the. Detailed explanations, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on LitCharts. (including. Her harrowing account of young boys and men who made simply one mistake and suffer for a lifetime truly brings the issue to the heart of the reader, pushing the emotional response as well as the logical. Her view of race as a social control is established with her association of the Emancipation Proclamation with an “illusory nature” (Alexander 2012, p. 20). Racism still inhibits black people’s access to the vote, housing, employment, and other resources. The author has therefore, used rhetorical tools like ethos, pathos and logos to not only inform public about the subtle Jim Crow rules within the judicial system but also about the repercussion on the society that adds to the woes of the vulnerable. In the first chapter, “The Rebirth of Caste,” Alexander traces the path of social mechanisms back to the very beginning: slavery. Perhaps part of the reason why mass incarceration is a neglected issue is because black leaders and black prisoners often belong to different social classes. In her fourth chapter, “The Cruel Hand,” the author restates some pivotal points about the devastating effects of being labeled a felon. Home — Essay Samples — Literature — Books — Structure and Rhetorical Strategy in “The New Jim Crow”. The fact that the United States has a higher rate of incarceration than even authoritarian regimes such as China and Iran indicates that the criminal justice system is indeed being used as a method of social control. We know and we don't know at the same time" (182). This chapter aims, in the beginning, primarily to show exactly how the system came to be what it is, illustrating the arguments derived from the Constitution and the Supreme Court decisions. (Pg.xi) An incident where the Fourth Amendment was not The third chapter, “The Color of Justice,” shows the racial disparities in sentencing, terms of imprisonment, and the ways in which drug-law enforcement differs from other types in the criminal justice system. If you’d like this or any other sample, we’ll happily email it to you. If the criminal justice system simply had a problem with bias, this problem could be resolved by the work of lawyers dedicated to advancing racial justice, like Alexander.
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