According to legend, Sinope was founded by the Amazons, who named it for their queen, Sinova. According to Strabo, the river Parthenius formed the western limit of the region, and it was bounded on the east by the Halys river. Further, the capture of Sinope provided the Seljuks access to new strategic routes of conquest, one aimed at Constantinople and the other at Crimea and the south Russian steppes.. Encyclopedia.com. "Sinope, Battle of Xenophon speaks of them as being governed by a prince of their own, without any reference to the neighboring satraps, a freedom perhaps due to the nature of their country, with its lofty mountain ranges and difficult passes. Encyclopedia of Russian History. Entries with "Sinope" citizen: see also Citizen citizen (English) Origin & history From Middle English citizen, from Anglo-Norman citesain ("burgher; city-dweller") &c., probably a variant…. The Siege of Sinope in 1214 was a successful siege and capture of Sinope by the Seljuq Turks under their Sultan, Kaykaus I (r. 1211–1220). We have worked for nearly 10 years on the creation of high-quality … The mountains are clothed with dense forests, conspicuous for the quantity of boxwood that they furnish. Destroyed by the wandering Cimmerians, it was refounded toward the end of the 7th century bce by a colony of Milesians. Ancient History of Sinope. Estas diferencias de los parámetros físicos sugieren un origen diferente al de los principales miembros del grupo. A 13th-century Alâiye religious school now houses the local museum. The Ottoman government ordered a squadron of Vice Admiral Osman Pasha to the Caucasus coast in early November 1853 in support of Ottoman ground forces, but bad weather forced the ships to seek shelter at Sinope. A veces era llamado "Hades", entre 1955 y 1975.
The Paphlagonians were one of the most ancient nations of Anatolia and listed among the allies of the Trojans in the Trojan War (ca. At Sinopé, we believe technology should be within everyone’s reach and that everyone should be able to benefit from the smart home. i. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. The battle resulted from worsening relations between the Ottoman and Russian empires. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson.
ii. It seems perhaps that they were related to the people of the adjoining country, Cappadocia,[clarification needed] who were speakers of one of the Anatolian branch of the Indo-European languages. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. La joven utilizó la misma estratagema con Apolo y con el río Halis, y acabó sus días viviendo una soledad feliz en la ciudad ubicada en la Paflagonia que lleva su nombre.
A menudo se cree que pertenecen al grupo Pasiphaë. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. En la mitología griega, Sinope (en griego antiguo, Σινώπη)  era hija del dios fluvial Asopo y de Métope, o de Ares con Egina o con Parnasa. With six ships of the line and two frigates with 720 guns, Nakhimov attacked an Ottoman squadron of seven frigates, three corvettes, two steamers, two brigs, and two transports mounting 510 guns under shore defenses with 38 pieces of artillery. ; Const. Get kids back-to-school ready with Expedition: Learn. Diogenes of Sinope (c. 404-323 BCE) was a Greek Cynic philosopher best known for holding a lantern (or candle) to the faces of the citizens of Athens claiming he … Jun 1, 2019 - Explore R. Charles Roberts's board "Diogenes of Sinope" on Pinterest. Coordinates: 41°30′N 33°30′E / 41.5°N 33.5°E / 41.5; 33.5, Numidia (divided as Cirtensis and Militiana during the Tetrarchy), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Paphlagonia&oldid=973198861, States and territories established in the 5th century BC, States and territories disestablished in the 2nd century BC, Ancient Greek archaeological sites in Turkey, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles containing Turkish-language text, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from February 2009, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 August 2020, at 22:56. c. 404 BCE - 323 BCE Life of Greek philosopher Diogenes of Sinope.
Sinope (Σινώπη griego) es un satélite retrógrado irregular de Júpiter descubierto por Seth Barnes Nicholson en el Observatorio Lick en 1914, y lleva el nombre de Sinope de la mitología griega. Paphlagonia (/ˌpæfləˈɡoʊniə/; Ancient Greek: Παφλαγονία, Paphlagonía, modern pronunciation Paflagonía; Turkish: Paflagonya) was an ancient area on the Black Sea coast of north central Anatolia, situated between Bithynia to the west and Pontus to the east, and separated from Phrygia (later, Galatia) by a prolongation to the east of the Bithynian Olympus. However, it continued to be governed by native princes until it was absorbed by the encroaching power of Pontus.  According to the Byzantinist Warren Treadgold, the loss of Sinope on the one hand "shielded Trebizond from further attacks from Nicaea", but also meant that "henceforth Alexios' claim to be Byzantine emperor rang hollow, and the Empire of Trebizond ceased to be of more than local importance. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Per. In 1818 he completed his studies in the Naval Cadet Corps and…, The Crimean War (1853–1856) concluded a period of forty years in which Russian expansion and Ottoman Turkish weakness had created a major problem for…, Borodino, Battle of The Roman general Lucius Licinius Lucullus captured the seaport in 70 bce, and the city was nearly destroyed by fire.
https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/sinope-battle, "Sinope, Battle of © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. Sinope was an important port city on the Black Sea coast of modern Turkey, at the time held by the Empire of Trebizond, one of the Byzantine Greek successor states formed after the Fourth Crusade. Upon receiving the captured emperor, Kaykaus I asked for the city's surrender in the name of the emperor, but received a negative response. http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0312571, https://web.archive.org/web/20081008073721/http://www.geocities.com/saiza_2003/Moons/PicMoons.htm, http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/AJ/journal/issues/v120n5/200233/200233.web.pdf, http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/abs/10.1086/316817, http://adsabs.harvard.edu//full/seri/PASP./0026//0000197.000.html, http://adsabs.harvard.edu//full/seri/PASP./0051//0000093.000.html, http://www.cfa.harvard.edu/iauc/02800/02846.html, https://web.archive.org/web/20030805013031/http://www.ifa.hawaii.edu/~jewitt/papers/JSATS/SJ2003.pdf, https://es.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sinope_(satélite)&oldid=123673159, Satélites de Júpiter del grupo de Pasífae, Objetos astronómicos descubiertos en 1914, Wikipedia:Artículos con datos por trasladar a Wikidata, Wikipedia:Artículos con identificadores TGN, Licencia Creative Commons Atribución Compartir Igual 3.0. In November 1853, shortly after the outbreak of the Crimean War, the Russian navy dramatically attacked Sinop, destroying the Ottoman fleet and reducing large parts of the city to ashes. A Russian squadron under Vice Admiral Pavel Stepanovich Nakhimov on his flagship Imperatritsa Maria -60 decided to attack. Paphlagonians were mentioned by Herodotus among the peoples conquered by Croesus, and they sent an important contingent to the army of Xerxes in 480 BC. Sinope tiene un diámetro estimado de 38 kilómetros (suponiendo un albedo de 0,04). .
It lies on an isthmus linking the Boztepe Peninsula to the mainland and is shut off from the Anatolian Plateau to the south by high, forest-clad mountains. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In the 7th century it became part of the theme of Opsikion, and later of the Bucellarian Theme, before being split off c. 820 to form a separate province once again.
851, ad Dion. It ultimately became the most flourishing Greek settlement on the Euxine (Black) Sea. Pompey united the coastal districts of Paphlagonia, along with the greater part of Pontus, with the Roman province of Bithynia, but left the interior of the country under the native princes, until the dynasty became extinct and the whole country was incorporated into the Roman Empire. Sinope orbita a Júpiter con una alta excentricidad y alta inclinación retrógrada. (2000) 30,502; (2013 est.) The Battle of Navarino on October 20, 1827, resulted from a joint Anglo-French-Russian effort to mediate the Greek–Ottoman civil war.
Upon this, the city surrendered. According to legend, Sinope was founded by the Amazons, who named it for their queen, Sinova. The rulers of that dynasty became masters of the greater part of Paphlagonia as early as the reign of Mithridates Ctistes (302–266 BC), but it was not until 183 BC that Pharnaces reduced the Greek city of Sinope under their control. Sinope no recibió su nombre actual hasta 1975; antes de esa fecha, era simplemente conocido como Júpiter IX.
Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. The three count…, Pavel Stepanovich Nakhimov was born into a naval family in Gorodok, Smolensk province. Apolo y Sinope tuvieron un hijo al que llamaron Sirio y que llegaría a ser rey de lo que en su honor se conocería como Siria. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. See also: menshikov, alexander danilovich; military, imperial era; nakhimov, pavel stepanovich; russo-turkish wars; turkey, relations with. She was loved by the god Apollo who carried her to a city on the Black Sea. The Trapezuntine emperor Alexios I (r. 1204–1222) led an army to break the siege, but he was defeated and captured, and the city surrendered on 1 November. Están cambiando continuamente debido a las perturbaciones solares y planetarias. Sinope no recibió su nombre actual hasta 1975; antes de esa fecha, era simplemente conocido como Júpiter IX. The battle resulted from worsening relations between the Ottoman and Russian empires. In the spring of 1853 Tsar Nicholas's emissary Admiral Alexander Menshikov broke off negotiations with the Ottoman Empire. Incitado por Afrodita y Eros, el dios Apolo la raptó y la llevó desde Beocia hasta Paflagonia, en las orillas del mar Negro, donde se encuentra una ciudad fundada por las amazonas o por colonos de Mileto que recibió su nombre. Its decline was associated with its lack of easy access to the interior and its rivalry with İnebolu on the west and with Samsun on the east.
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